Whether you are using a computer for personal use or to run and manage your business, threats against your computer are eminent and ever-threatening if you do not take the necessary precautions to prevent them. Most laymen are unaware of the myriad of potential threats to their computers and servers, therefore the following article outlines the basics of these threats, as well as ways you can prevent them, such as finding a dedicated hosting server to protect your data.
Potential Threats to Your Computer
There is a constant barrage of threats attempting to hack into your computer and retrieve your sensitive information. The following list outlines a few of these threats:
- Computer Viruses: Much like the biological versions, computer viruses can replicate themselves quickly and will spread across the internet through emails and other programs, attaching to your hard drive and slowing down your computer.
- Computer Worms: Computer worms are a form of virus that can spread across networks (the internet) rapidly. They require no user intervention to spread, meaning that you never have to open an email or click on an ad to receive the worm. They pass on sensitive data to the worm creator.
- Spyware: Spyware is a threat that monitors information passing through your computer. It may monitor and pass on information from websites you enter, and passwords and sensitive information that you access.
- Fake Anti-Virus Software: Since so many computer users are frightened of and uneducated about viruses, computer hackers have capitalized on this fear and created fake anti-virus software. If you have not previously paid for and downloaded the type of anti-virus software that is popping up and saying you need to scan for viruses, then do not access this pop-up, as it is a virus in disguise.
Preventive Measures to Protect Your Computer
The following list of preventive measures can protect your computer from harm and ensure the security of your data:
- Anti-virus Software: There are many different types of anti-virus software that you can download to your computer to protect it from receiving viruses. Beware of pop-up ads claiming your computer has a virus; if you have not installed that type of software on your computer, the pop-up may contain a virus itself.
- Firewalls: Firewalls ensure that only good data enters into your network and will not allow worms to enter.
- Anti-Malware Software: Similar to anti-virus software, anti-malware does not allow malicious data to enter your computer.
- Be Cautious: Do not click on or download anything from websites that do not appear legitimate. Make sure you never open emails from sources you do not know.
- Send in the Professionals: If you own a fairly large business with a lot of sensitive data, consider hiring a hosting company to store and protect your data for you. A dedicated hosting server will keep your data safe and allow you access to the information whenever you need it. Since you are not sharing the server with anyone else, your data is protected and easily accessible.